Uterine cancer, also called sarcoma of the uterus, is a very rare kind of cancer in women. It is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells start growing in the muscles or other supporting tissues of the uterus.
Cancer of the uterus is different from cancer of the endometrium, a disease in which cancer cells start growing in the lining of the uterus. You should see your doctor if you have bleeding after menopause (the time when you no longer have menstrual periods) or bleeding that is not part of your menstrual cycle. Cancer of the uterus usually occurs after menopause.
What factors put me at risk for uterine cancer?
Currently, there has been little insight into the exact causes for uterine cancer. However, 10-25% of malignancies occur in women who received pelvic radiation 5-25 years earlier for benign bleeding. As in other cancers of its type, risk factors for uterine cancer include diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and improper oestrogen levels.
What is the most common treatment for uterine cancer?
Surgery is the most common treatment for cancer of the uterus. Your doctor may take out the cancer in an operation to remove the uterus, fallopian tubes and the ovaries, along with some lymph nodes in the pelvis and around the aorta (the main vessel in which blood passes away from the heart). The operation is called a total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and lymphadenectomy. The lymph nodes are small bean-shaped structures that are found in multiple locations in the body that produce and store infection-fighting cells, but may contain cancer cells.